The most recent research from the Sanjay Gandhi Post Graduate Institute of Medical Sciences (SGPGIMS) highlights a worrisome connection between diabetes and bone health, particularly in the senior population, within the complex web of human health. The study, which was directed by Professor Sushil Gupta of the Department of Endocrinology, clarifies the vital function that muscle mass and bone have in preserving total bone health.
The study depicts a grim reality, particularly emphasizing the Lucknow region and its adjacent districts. A considerable 22 percent of elderly diabetics experience both muscle and bone loss. When you realize that almost 40% of persons over the age of 70 are impacted by this issue, it becomes much more serious. Notably, these tendencies appear twice as prevalent in India as in the West.
The Nexus Between Diabetes and Bone Health
Dr. RN Srivastava, a former orthopedics department professor at King George’s Medical University (KGMU), finds numerous important contributing factors to this alarming state of things. The major cause is insufficient calcium consumption, with an average daily intake of only 200 mg—far less than the 1000-1200 mg advised. The major sources of vitamin D, a lack of sunlight exposure, and inactivity are all recognized as key contributors.
- The research results on the effect of high blood sugar on bone health are concerning.
- The research defines high blood sugar as 141-160 units (micrograms per deciliter); findings above 160 units are classed as very high blood sugar.
- Elevated blood sugar levels have been related to simultaneous bone and muscle mass loss, posing a double risk to the elderly diabetic population.
Dr. Sunil Varma, a diabetologist and general practitioner, emphasizes the wide-ranging consequences of poor bone health. It impacts diabetes status as well as overall quality of life, which may limit physical activity in diabetics. Because these health variables are interdependent, continuous monitoring of bone health and diabetes is required to avoid future issues.
The study’s conclusions highlight how urgently awareness and action are needed. Dr. Krishna Daram supports taking preventative action. Key strategies for protecting bone health, especially for those with diabetes, include supporting regular physical exercise, encouraging a balanced diet high in calcium, and encouraging exposure to sunshine for appropriate vitamin D.
By incorporating these insights into routine checkups and supporting lifestyle changes, we may empower patients to take charge of their bone health and reduce the risks associated with diabetes.